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Wind erosion

Wind Erosion (WEPS) Soil erosion by wind is a serious problem in the United States and the world. Wind Erosion can be a threat to agriculture productivity and the sustainability of the earth's natural resources. The erosion of surface soil by wind renders the soil less productive by removing the most fertile part of the soil, namely, the clays and organic matter What is wind erosion? Wind Erosion is the natural process of transportation and deposition of soil by the wind. It is a common phenomenon occurring mostly in dry, sandy soils or anywhere the soil is loose, dry, and finely granulated. Wind erosion damages land and natural vegetation by removing soil from one place and depositing it in another Wind erosion is a widespread phenomenon causing serious soil degradation. It is estimated that about 28% of the global land area experiencing land degradation suffers from this wind-driven soil erosion process WIND is simply air in motion. Air has mass and when mass is in motion, it has energy. It is that energy that moves soil during wind erosion. And it's important to know that erosive wind energy increases by a factor equal to the velocity cubed, so that a small increase in wind velocity results in a large increase in erosive wind energy. The wind high above the soil surface, unrestricted by barriers or objects, is known as free stream air flow and moves more or less parallel to the surface

Wind Erosion. Wind is a stronger erosional force in arid regions than it is in humid regions because winds are stronger. In humid areas, water and vegetation bind the soil so it is harder to pick up. In arid regions, small particles are selectively picked up and transported Wind erosion can damage the land it travels over, as well as surrounding natural vegetation, by removing soil and depositing it somewhere else. Soil erosion takes vital nutrients with it and weakens vegetation, making it vulnerable to disease

Wind Erosion (WEPS) NRC

Wind causes erosion of rock particles driven by soil and sand particles that are not tightly glued together and not insulated by vegetation. The carrying away of dry soil and loose sand particles is known as deflation. The action of wind continues until that time when the power and momentum of wind cannot move the loose particles The term wind erosion refers to the damage of land as a result of wind removing soil from an area. Most often, wind erosion occurs on flat land in dry or sandy areas. For example: Tree next to a cliff as examples of wind erosion. Rock formation in various location sculpted by wind erosion

The transportation of soil particles in wind erosion, is directly influenced by the particles size, gradation of particles, wind velocity and distance across eroding area. From field studies, it has been found that the quantity of soil moved through wind, varies as the cube of excess wind velocity over and above the constant threshold velocity Wind Erosion (english version) - YouTube. Wind Erosion (english version) Watch later. Share. Copy link. Info. Shopping. Tap to unmute. If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device This video will help you better understand the problems associated with wind erosion of soil. This information is provided by the USDA Engineering and Wind E..

Leading edge erosion on wind turbine blades is a major cause of reduced power output and efficiency as wind farms age. But, this growing problem is not well understood, so in today's article we'll tackle some of the root causes of leading edge erosion, what's being done about it, and what we should look to in the future to solve this industry-wide problem Wind erosion is the detachment, transportation and redeposition of soil particles by wind. The most familiar result of wind erosion is the loss of topsoil and nutrients which reduces the soil's ability to produce crops

Wind erosion has long been recognised as a major land degradation issue in Western Australia. It involves the detachment, transportation and re-deposition of soil by wind. Productivity is affected by the removal of the most fertile component of the soil from the paddock and through sand-blasting crops. Wind erosion can degrade infrastructure and dust particles can create air pollution USDA-ARS Wind Erosion Research. Provider of science-based. wind erosion technology. for environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable agriculture. Wind Erosion Prediction System (WEPS) About WER Wind erosion. Wind erosion is a common cause of land degradation in the arid and semi arid grazing lands of inland Queensland. It is one of the processes leading to desertification. Significant wind erosion occurs when strong winds blow over light-textured soils that have been heavily grazed during periods of drought Wind erosion. Wind erosion is a significant problem in the arid grazing lands of inland Queensland. It is most likely to occur when strong winds blow over light-textured soils that have been heavily grazed during drought periods. It contributes to scalding, a process that forms smooth, bare areas on impermeable subsoils Wind affects the land through a process called wind erosion, where wind breaks up land and then carries the debris (like dirt and bits of rock) to other places. Wind erosion can create and destroy..

Wind speed is critical since the rate of erosion caused by a 30-mile-per-hour wind is more than three times that of a 20-mile-per-hour wind. The windier a construction site is, the quicker the rate of wind erosion. 2 ways for wind erosion control Two ways in which you can control wind erosion are by reducing wind or increasing soil cohesion Wind Eroded Arid Landforms. The wind or Aeolian erosion takes place in the following ways, viz. deflation, abrasion, and attrition. Deflation == removing, lifting and carrying away dry, unsorted dust particles by winds. It causes depressions known as blow outs. Abrasion == When wind loaded with sand grains erodes the rock by grinding against. Wind erosion 1. MOHSIN ZAFAR Lecturer, Soil ScienceFaculty of Agriculture, Rawalakot 2. Soil Erosion 3. Soil Erosion Global Problem • Soil erosion ranks as one of the most serious environmental problems in the world • 75 billion tons of fertile soil lost annually around the world • Africa, Europe & Australia : 5-10 tons/ha/y • North, Central & South America: 10-20 tons/ha/y

Wind erosion definition is - the erosion and dispersal of topsoil by the wind especially in dust storms Wind erodes the Earth's surface by deflation (the removal of loose, fine-grained particles by the turbulent action of the wind) and by abrasion (the wearing down of surfaces by the grinding action and sandblasting by windborne particles).. Regions which experience intense and sustained erosion are called deflation zones. Most aeolian deflation zones are composed of desert pavement, a sheet. Wind Erosion. 1. SUSPENSION: Fine particles less than 0.1 mm in size are moved parallel to the surface and upward into the atmosphere by strong winds. The most spectacular of erosive processes, these particles can be carried high into the atmosphere, returning to earth only when the wind subsides or they are carried downward with precipitation Wind erosion refers to the detachment, transport, and deposition of sediment by wind. It is a dynamic, physical process where loose, dry, bare soils are transported by strong winds Wind erosion is a natural process by which landforms are altered by the action of wind. This can take place in two main ways. Wind can dislodge and transport soil, silt and sand particles, sometimes carrying them long distances and depositing them in other areas, and it can wear down surfaces by the abrasive effect of small, airborne mineral.

Erosion is defined as the set of natural processes that loosen, remove and transport weathered or unweathered solid material such as soil, sediment, mud, regolith, rock fragments and other particles from the landscape by downhill or downwind displacement.. The mediums required to for material displacement can be wind, running water, waves, ice (glaciers), underground water, and gravity The erosion of sand dunes along the coast line is a serious concern, as the dunes help protect streets and waterways from flooding, especially during storms. But wind erosion has led to the destruction of a number of dunes to the point that wind breaks are often being built to protect the mounds of sand and sea grass. 2.Rock Formation Title: Land susceptibility to wind erosion. Description: Wind erosion is a complex geomorphic process governed by a large number of variables.Field-scale models such as the Wind Erosion Prediction System (WEPS—Wagner, 1996) employ up to some tens of parameters to predict soil loss Therefore, wind can cause erosion. However, some areas are more likely to have wind erosion than other areas. For example, plant roots help to hold soil and rock in place. Therefore, areas with few plants, such as deserts and coastlines, are more likely to be eroded by wind. These areas also may be made of small, loose rock par-ticles. Wind can.

Wind-blown sands erode the soft rock leaving the rocks standing. Feature # 5. Hamada or Rock Pavement: This is wind smoothened flat rocky desert surface. Feature # 6. Deflation Hollows: These are worn or depended hollows in a desert surface caused by wind action. Note: One of the best places on earth to see the effects of wind erosion is. The WEQ (Wind Erosion Equation) was reported by Woodruff and Siddoway in 1965. WEQ utilized the available technology to estimate annual soil erosion with different management systems. WEQ was developed using laboratory and field wind tunnel data, but had little supporting field data of erosion from natural wind storms

High School Earth Science/Wind Erosion and Deposition

Bodenerosion durch Wind - Entstehen, Prozesse, Schäden. Winderosion ist der natürliche Prozess des äolischen Abtrages und der Verfrachtung von Boden-material aus Flächen, die nicht ausreichend durch einen pflanzlichen Bewuchs oder zu geringe Bindigkeit bzw. Masse der Bodenkomponenten vor den Kräften des Windes geschützt sind Wind erosion is a natural part of the Australian landscape and has been responsible for shaping much of it. However, when land is managed inappropriately, the rate of wind erosion is accelerated. During drought, when the cover of vegetation is sparse and soil is pulverised, wind erosion increases and good land management practices become more.

5. Windbreaks and Shelterbelts . The Windbreak, alternatively known as the Shelter-belt, is a method related to the planting of trees along agricultural fields in such a manner as to protect soil from erosion from around crops, and to give them shelter from the wind Wind erosion, as an environmental problem, has many adverse effects on the economics of societies and the health of terrestrial and marine ecosystems 1,2,3.Therefore, predicting land. The Wind Erosion Tool simulates the effect of wind transporting and redistributing sediment. The Wind Erosion Tool uses a smooth rotation jitter control, which is slightly different from the standard rotation control. Instead of computing a random rotation value for each frame, this tool uses a smooth noise function to simulate gradual changes. 24,445 wind erosion stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. See wind erosion stock video clips. of 245. desert image wind in desert river through mountain wind erosion stone salvador dali desert amazing desert sky and earth dune desert landscape dune white desert in egypt. Try these curated collections

What is wind erosion? Types, factors, control methods and

THE WIND EROSION EQUATION was developed by the late Dr. W. S. Chepil. It is the result of nearly 30 years of research to determine the primary variables or factors that influence erosion of soil by wind. The first wind erosion equation was a simple exponen-tial expressing the amount of soil loss in a wind tunne Wind erosion is a serious problem in the United States and the world. It is responsible for about half of the more than two billion tons of soil lost from U.S. cropland annually. In the Great Plains alone, about five million acres are damaged moderately to severely by wind erosion each year Reducing Wind Erosion. The best way to reduce wind erosion is to keep the wind off the soil surface by covering the soil surface. Growing vegetation, either cash crops or cover crops, protects the soil and keeps the winds higher off the surface. Standing crop residues function the same way. Flattened crop residues are more effective at reducing. Wind erosion is a serious environmental problem attracting the attention of many across the globe. It is a common phenomenon occurring mostly in flat, bare areas; dry, sandy soils; or anywhere the soil is loose, dry, and finely granulated. Wind erosion damages land and natural vegetation by removing soil from one place and depositing it in another Wind speed & duration Wind speed of which have develop the relationship with the rate of soil erosion caused by the action of wind The wind speed required for erosion depends on the size, weight and wetness of the soil particles. The wind is about 16km/h at a hight of 30cm above the land, required for significant erosion to occur. 10 Shahab Ud Di

Wind Erosion - ESDAC - European Commissio

Browse 2,538 wind erosion stock photos and images available, or search for boulder or dust storm to find more great stock photos and pictures. lady in the wind, lower antelope canyon - wind erosion stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. erosion - sand formations caused by the wind in florianópolis, santa catarina state - brazil - wind. As a result wind erosion became a major concern for soil conservation in New Zealand, and for a long time government subsidies were available to farmers for wind erosion control (Anon., 1971. Affected by wind erosion: 12.9: Society for the Promotion of Wasteland Development (1984) Subject to wind erosion: 38.7: RAPA (1992, p. 195) Subject to wind erosion: 32.0: Das (1977) Subject to wind erosion: 17.7: Sehgal and Abrol (1992) Pakistan: Slightly eroded: 2.6: Mian and Javed (1989

Processes of Erosion | 9 Humanities

Wind erosion is a serious problem in many parts of the world. It physically removes from the field the most fertile portion of the soil, pollutes the air, fills road ditches, reduces seedling survival and growth, lowers the marketability of many vegetable crops, and creates new desert landforms and landscapes Leading Edge Erosion (LEE) is a serious and very expensive issue in the wind industry, with all Wind Turbine Generator (WTG) blades suffering from LEE and its effects are exaggerated on offshore turbines. LEE is caused by repeated bombardment, primarily by raindrops and particulate matter, hail, ice, salt and UV, which create erosion and cause. Wind causes erosion by deflation and abrasion. Wind is the weakest cause of erosion. Even though wind is the weakest agent, it is still a powerful force in shaping the land near areas where there is little plant growth. Abrasion by wind carried sand can polish rock, but causes little erosion A deposit of wind-blown sand. Deflation. Wind erosion that removes surface materials. Loess. Fine, yellowish-brown topsoil made up of particles of silt and clay, usually carried by the wind. Identify the two types of wind erosion. Abrasion and deflation. Describe how the size of sediment particles effects their movement during deflation

Wind Erosion and Deposition Earth Scienc

Identify the two types of wind erosion. Abrasion and deflation. Describe how the size of sediment particles effects their movement during deflation. The more energy that wind has, the larger particles of sediment it can move. In general, small, fine particles can be picked up and blown through the air. Medium sized particles bounce and skip. The distribution of surface wind speed was matched with the emission index, and the threshold of wind erosion was determined when the emission index was around 0.9. The resulting average threshold of wind erosion ranged from 6.63 m s −1 at a Sahelian site to about 9.08 m s −1 at a Niger site, consistent with the model results by Marticorena. Water Erosion. Water erosion is very simplistically speaking caused by rainfall, river flow, waves (wave action, hydraulic action and abrasion), corrosion, glacier movement, thawing, etc., while wind erosion is caused by wind picking up loose particles (deflation) that batter the ground as they fly by (abrasion), causing additional particles to become loose and fly away

Define wind erosion. wind erosion synonyms, wind erosion pronunciation, wind erosion translation, English dictionary definition of wind erosion. wind erosion. Translations. English: wind erosion n erosione f del vento. Italian / Italiano: erosione f del vento Weathering and Erosion‐Learning Objectives for Grades K ‐3 • Different things in the environment around us can cause changes to the way objects look or feel. • Water, wind, and ice can make objects, such as rocks, break into small pieces. • Water, wind, and ice can also move pieces of rock or lan

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Have students experiment creating wind erosion effects, attempting to make Aeolian formations. Trade sand for soil and repeat the process, then compare and contrast the two experiences The amount of erosion, E, expressed in tons per acre per annum, that will occur from a given agricultural field can be expressed in terms of equivalent variables as: E = f(I′, K′, C′, L′, V) where I′ is a soil erodibility index, K′ is a soil ridge rougness factor, C′ is a climatic factor, L′ is field length along the prevailing wind erosion direction, and V is equivalent. The wind erosion decline rate for P2 was the most rapid at 0.66 t/hm 2, and the decline rates for P1 and P4 were 0.07 t/hm 2 /a and 0.09 t/hm 2 /a, respectively. The wind erosion decline rate in P3, which was the vegetation growth period, was only 6.39·10 −3 t/hm 2 /a. When comparing the proportions of the wind erosion trend types in the. Wind erosion also damages roads and fertile agricultural fields by depositing large quantities of air blown soil particles. Soil Conservation. Soil conservation is the prevention of soil from erosion or reduced fertility caused by overuse, acidification, salinisation or other chemical soil contamination Wind erosion also reduced total cover by 17.0% primarily via suppressing short-stature plants associated with soil nitrogen loss, but had no effect on species richness. Dust deposition enhanced total cover by 5.7%, but resulted in a 7.3% decrease in species richness by driving some of the short-stature plant species to extinction. Both wind.

Wind Erosion - SoilErosion

Wind erosion control is carried out on two fronts: reduction of wind-speed at ground level and an increase in soil cohesion, thus improving soil resistance to wind. Increasing Soil Cohesion: Soil cohesion depends strongly on the consistence, packing, and saturation condition. Cohesion of soil is an important factor of soil consistency Erosion is the geological process in which earthen materials are worn away and transported by natural forces such as wind or water. A similar process, weathering, breaks down or dissolve s rock, but does not involve movement. Erosion is the opposite of deposition, the geological process in which earthen materials are deposited, or built up, on. Soil erosion is a naturally occurring process on all land. The agents of soil erosion are water and wind, each contributing a significant amount of soil loss each year. Soil erosion may be a slow process that continues relatively unnoticed, or it may occur at an alarming rate causing serious loss of topsoil Wind Erosion . Erosion by wind is known as aeolian (or eolian) erosion (named after Aeolus, the Greek god of winds) and occurs almost always in deserts. Aeolian erosion of sand in the desert is partially responsible for the formation of sand dunes. The power of the wind erodes rock and sand Erosion Erosion is the collective result of all processes that pick up and transport material at or very close to the Earth's surface. The main erosional agents are water, wind, ice and gravity, each of which acts in several ways. Water Erosion Water erosion, the most complex form, encompasses rain splash, unconcentrated surface erosion by sheetwash or rill wash, channel erosion in rivers or.

Wind Erosion: Factors, Types and Contro

Effects of wind erosio

  1. erodibility by wind. Wind Erosion. The detachment, transportation, and deposition of soil by wind. Wind Erosion Equation (WEQ). An equation used for the design of wind erosion control systems. E = f (IKCLV) wherein E is the average annual soil loss, expressed in tons per acre per year; I is the soi
  2. All measurements were corrected for wind tunnel effects and validated by comparing data taken for an S809 airfoil model with data taken at Delft and The Ohio State University.1 2.2. Erosion models and test plan The first step in modeling erosion was to understand how erosion develops on wind turbine blades, for which photograph
  3. g, over grazing, deforestation, etc. These practices destroy the cohesive properties of soil particles and make them susceptible to wind erosion. Wind erosion process may.
  4. Wind Aeolian is the technical term for wind-driven erosion and transportation, wind-blown sediment (such as sand and silt), and wind generated deposits (such as sand dunes). Aeolian Landforms and Processes; Geological Monitoring of Aeolian Features and Processe
  5. Erosion by wind- actually in dry areas, what happens is; particles suspended in air are carried away by the wind passing by, causing erosion. Erosion by water- when rain hits the surface of the land, the land washed out and, hence erosion occurs and also riverbeds causes' water erosion, because it constantly takes the particles from the bed.
  6. Erosion is the opposite of deposition, the geological process in which earthen materials are deposited, or built up, on a landform. Most erosion is performed by liquid water, wind, or ice (usually in the form of a glacier). If the wind is dusty, or water or glacial ice is muddy, erosion is taking place

Wind Erosion: Examples and Ways to Prevent it Earth Eclips

  1. Wind erosion damages the soil by physically removing the most fertile part, lowering water-holding capacity, degrading soil structure, and increasing soil variability across a field, resulting in reduced crop production. It tends to remove silts and clays making the soils sandier
  2. Why is wind erosion so harmful? Strong and sustained winds along with dry, bare soils contributed to serious soil loss. Wind erosion is the detachment, transportation and redeposition of soil particles by wind. The most familiar result of wind erosion is the loss of topsoil and nutrients which reduces the soil's ability to produce crops
  3. Wind causes erosion and transports dust, spray, and other pollution. The effect of the wind varies according to the situation. For mechanical damage and loads, the driving force is windpower. Windpower = windspeed x windspeed. So, when windspeed is 1/4, windpower is 1/4 x 1/4 = 1/16. Windpower is what you feel when you try and stand up in a.
  4. Erosion • Even in deserts, the main agent of erosion is water. • Wind is a secondary agent of erosion. Fine sand grains are removed leaving behind coarser material. The process is called . deflation. and the material left behind forms a . desert pavement
  5. The wind is a major geomorphological force. Wind erosion plays a major role in arid or semi-arid regions. This can result in evaporation, desertification, increase in airborne dust, crop damage, and land degradation. Recently, the effects of wind on soil erosion have increased due to human activity such as urbanization, deforestation, and.
  6. Wind erosion is caused by a strong, turbulent wind blowing across an unprotected soil surface that is smooth, bare, loose, dry, and finely granulated. Soil particles start to move when the force of the wind overcomes gravity. The wind speed required to start movement depends on the size and weight of soil particles

Erosion - Wikipedi

Welcome to the National Wind Erosion Research Network

Wind Erosion. Dust storms like the one in Figure above are more common in dry climates. The soil is dried out and dusty. Plants may be few and far between. Dry, bare soil is more easily blown away by the wind than wetter soil or soil held in place by plant roots SCALE WIND EROSION STUDIES AND MODEL VALIDATION TED M. ZOBECK,1* GEERT STERK,2 ROGER FUNK,3 JEAN LOUIS RAJOT,4 JOHN E. STOUT1 AND R. SCOTT VAN PELT5 1 Wind Erosion and Water Conservation Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, 3810 4th Street, Lubbock, TX 79415, US

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Causes, Effects and Types of Erosion (Water, Wind, Glacier

Land is susceptible to wind erosion where vegetative cover is low and soil particles are light enough to be moved by the wind. The power of wind is calculated by wind speed, that is, as the velocity of the wind doubles, the power rises by a factor of 16. Wind power moves the soil in three ways. 1. Surface creep - particles larger than 0.5 mm. 2 3 Erosion and mass wasting appear to be similar processes but have distinctly different causes. The movement of sediment by erosion requires mobile agents such a water, wind and ice. That is, the sediment is transported by th #5 Wind. Erosion by wind is a common sight in dry and barren areas where vegetation doesn't hold soils in place. Sand dunes consisting of fine sand particles are the best example of the wind-induced movement of the upper soil layer. According to a scientific study in Sahara desert, sand dunes can move by 50 to 295 feet throughout one year In this lesson, students will learn about wind erosion and how it can form sand dunes. A dune is a mound of sand formed by the wind. Sand dunes are usually near the desert or beach. They learn that this event can occur slowly and they can effect Earth's Resources DK Science: Erosion. The process that breaks up and carries away the rocks and soils that make up the Earth?s surface is called erosion. It is caused by flowing water, waves, glaciers, and the wind, and it constantly changes the shape of the landscape. Erosion happens more quickly on bare rock, which is unprotected by soil

Examples of Wind Erosion: Causes and Effect

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Mechanics of Wind Erosion: 3 Phases Soil Managemen

Wind erosion of sand dunes . 11 Extreme erosion caused by wind over long periods of time . 12 Chemical weathering caused by chemicals in the rocks reacting with the groundwater Chemical weathering of a statue, caused by acid rain . 13 Chemical and mechanical weathering, caused by rai Wind Erosion study guide by kristinnorris includes 13 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades Climate, soil properties, vegetation, soil cover, and land management practices are factors that influence both water and wind erosion. Soil surface roughness, unsheltered distance, and wind velocity and turbulence are additional factors influencing wind erosion, and topography is an additional factor influencing water erosion Wind erosion occurs over more than one third of the Earth's surface. The soil dust that winds carry can affect the Earth's atmospheric composition and contribute to climate change. It also carries herbicides, sediments, soil texture residues, damaging nutrient contents, vegetation growth, and decreasing farm productivity, as well as affecting human health. The frequency of blowing dust may.

Wind Erosion (english version) - YouTub

Wind erosion can affect any land that is exposed to strong wind and has detached soil. There are practical options for preventing or reducing wind erosion in cropping and pasture systems, and some options for treating already eroding surfaces. Maintaining a protective groundcover and a stable soil surface on susceptible soils works well in most areas The Wind Erosion Equation (WEQ) was first published in 1965 by Woodruff and Siddoway. For years, WEQ has represented the most comprehensive and widely used model in the world for estimating soil loss by wind from agricultural fields. WEQ uses five factors to calculate the erodibility of a given soil Wind erosion can create and move entire sand dunes, shape rocks and other structures, and cause dust storms. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s is a good example of the damage wind erosion can cause. Engineers develop technologies that help to reduce the effects of wind erosion for farmers. Glacier erosion is not as common as other types of erosion. A.

Wind Erosion: The Problem - YouTub

The erosion of materials used in wind turbine blades due to the effect of weather conditions is a problem that applies to the whole wind energy sector. VTT's antiAGE project found a functional. Wind Erosion and Deposition Wind- A current of air; especially a natural one that moves along or parallel to the ground Deposition- Process by which material carried by erosion is dropped in new places Notes Notes 1)Because of over plowing, alot of dirt dryed and was lifted fro Wind erosion and dust emissions have been shown to be linearly related (Gillette et al. 1997, Houser and Nickling 2001) but are important to differentiate, as they have different ecological and human impacts. We use the term wind erosion to describe more local-scale eolian processes, including the movement, deposition, and net loss of soil. Erosion moves pieces of the Earth. As pieces of the Earth are broken down by weathering, they are carried away in a process called erosion. Water is a common way that pieces of the Earth are moved to a new location. Wind also contributes to erosion by blowing the particles away. Glaciers can pick up pieces of the Earth and drag them to new. Wind erosion is greatest in arid and semiarid regions, such as Kansas, though it can occur to some extent in humid regions. Similarly to water erosion, wind erosion involves three processes - detachment, transportation, and deposition. Detachment occurs as heavy winds push and bounce heavy particles along the surface

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